Browse By

The Twelve Steps In Decorating Pysanky


If you decided to decorate your own Ukrainian Easter Egg (Pysanka), you will need the following supplies:

  • White eggs – raw, free of any imperfections, at room temperature
  • White vinegar
  • Pencil – #2
  • 4 containers to hold the dye
  • 4 teaspoons (to lower and remove the eggs from the dye)
  • 1 set of food coloring (yellow, red, blue, green)
  • Q-tips
  • Needle
  • Egg drying board
  • Oil based polyurethane
  • Candle, and lighter or matches
  • Paper towels
  • Egg Decorating book or design samples
  • Ukrainian Easter Egg decorating kit, or
  • 1 fine point stylus (kistka)
  • 1 large point stylus
  • 1 cake of beeswax
  • 4 dyes – yellow, orange, red, black

The whole process of decorating a pysanka, consists of twelve basic steps (the above display shows all the major steps from left to right, with the exclusion of the totally black egg, once it comes out of the black dye).  I have chosen a very basic egg design for the first egg, and if you purchased an egg decorating kit, you will find several other designs to choose from for your next projects.

Step 1 – Prepare your dyes per package directions.  Cover your work area with newspapers, or paper towels. Have  your candle and lighter ready when needed.  Clean your egg by wiping it gently with soft cloth dipped in 1 cup of water mixed with 1 Tbs. of white vinegar.  Let the egg dry off.

Step 2 – Using the #2 pencil, draw, lightly, the main lines of your design on the clean egg (you do not need to use pencil to draw your design, if you feel comfortable enough to use the wax from the start).   Now go over your penciled lines with the stylus (kistka) filled with warm, liquefied beeswax.  Be careful as not to drip any wax on you egg (since the color will not dye the shell in that spot.  If you do have a drip, you need to scrape it off real well, using a needle tip).  To get wax into your stylus, you scrape it against the cake of wax, so the funnel fills up with wax, then you hold it over the candle flame, with the stylus tip poitning down, and as soon as the wax starts to melt, you start drawing with it on your egg.  You need to keep on heating up your stylus to keep the wax flawing.

Step 3 – Dip your egg in Yellow dye for at least 10 minutes. Make sure your dyes are cold before placing your egg in.  Use a teaspoon to remove your egg gently onto paper towel, and pat it dry.  Let it dry for a few minutes.  Follow these steps after each dye.

Step 4 – Using the #2 pencil again, draw the lines which will be yellow in your design, then go over them with wax as above.  With the use of a toothpick or Q-tip, dipped in Green food color, fill the inside sections of the star.

Step 5 – Dip your yellow egg in Orange dye, and keep it there for at least 10 minutes.

Step 6 – Draw all the lines which you want to have orange, and go over them with hot wax, as in step 2.  Also, fill in with wax, any areas which you want to have orange.

Step 7 – Dip the orange egg in Red dye, and keep it in for at least 10 minutes.

Step 8 – Draw all the lines you want to be red, and go over them with hot wax, as in step 2.  Also, fill in with wax, any areas which you want to have red.

Step 9 – Dip the red egg in Black dye, and keep it in for at least 15 minutes or longer.

Step 10 – Remove the egg from black dye, pat it dry with paper towel, and expose the waxed egg to the heat of the candle flame (side not top of the flame) to melt off the wax, a small area at a time, and wipe away gently with paper towel, repeating the process until all the wax has melted, and has been wiped off.

Step 11 – You can leave your egg as is, or for shiny finish and to preserve the vibrant color, cover the egg with oil based polyurethane (use disposable gloves) and leave it overnight to dry off on the egg dryer board.  Your can make this board by drawing thin nails all the way through into a piece of thin plywood, so that they stick out at least an inch on the other side, and are spaced out enough so an egg can rest on at least three nail tips, for support.  These eggs will need to dry for a couple of days, or longer.

Step 12 – Make a small hole at the tip of the egg (you can use a very thin drill), and expel the egg fluids out of it, stand it on the egg dryer rack once more, with the hole down, so that any leftover fluids can drip out.  Once you have successfully completed all the steps, your plain white egg magically transformed into a beautiful Pysanka.  Now you are ready to start another one…..believe me you will not stop after just one… will be hooked on this craft, challenging yourself each time to a more intricate design.


8 thoughts on “The Twelve Steps In Decorating Pysanky”

  1. BusyMom says:

    I would like to get back into making Pysanky – I haven’t made them in years. I used to really enjoy this pre-Easter tradition. I can’t wait for my daughter to be old enough to learn make them with me.

    A couple of troubleshooting tips:

    If you have difficulty drawing straight lines on a round surface, you may use a clean rubberband as a guide for your pencil line. Just find a rubber band that fits snugly, but not too tightly (it IS an egg), around your egg and place it just to the side of where you would like your line One edge of the rubber band should butt right up against where your line is desired.

    If you make a mistake with pencil, it may be wiped off your egg with a clean corner of paper towel dipped in diluted white vinegar. Just be careful not to use this “eraser” more than a couple of times because you will soften or wear away the eggshell.

  2. Suburban Grandma says:

    Excellent tips….Thank you!
    The water/vinegar solution should only be used on the white egg, sine it will dilute and remove the dye from your egg, if used on already colored egg.

    Also, sometimes the pencil lines still show after the egg is completed and the wax removed. In this case, you can use a regular eraser, and lightly erase these lines, before applying the polyurethane.

    I know you and your daughter will have lots of fun making Pysanky.

  3. Leonel @ Easter Chocolate says:

    Great website. I have bookmarked it for my future reference. I appreciate all your research and valuable resources you have shared.

  4. Suburban Grandma says:

    Thank you very much for such a nice compliment. I am glad you found my website interesting.
    I love sharing information, so I select subjects I enjoy myself as well.

  5. Jhanne Rhea says:

    Hi, thank you so much for your post, it was great post and really contributed a brilliant ideas!

  6. Suburban Grandma says:

    Your are most welcome. Thank you for stopping by and leaving your comments.

  7. Sheila says:

    These are beautiful SG! You are really talented 🙂

  8. Suburban Grandma says:

    Thank you very much.
    These are not that difficult to do, but do require patience and time.
    Anyone can try it, and be very good at it.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.